organizational behaviour models
Organizational behavior models are frameworks that help explain how organizations function, how they affect the people within them, and how people behave within organizations. Here are some key models:
- Autocratic Model: In this model, the management possesses the power to command. Employees follow the directions of the manager without any suggestions or feedback. The focus is on authority and obedience.
- Custodial Model: This model emphasizes caring for employees so that they feel secure and comfortable. Organizations provide economic security to employees, who in return provide performance and loyalty.
- Supportive Model: Here, the focus shifts from money to motivating employees through job satisfaction and by creating a supportive work environment. The goal is to encourage employee engagement, job satisfaction, and motivation.
- Collegial Model: In this model, employees work together as colleagues with their superiors. They have a sense of partnership with their managers, leading to self-discipline and responsible behavior. This model encourages teamwork and collaboration.
- System Model: This model sees an organization as a system made up of interdependent parts or subsystems. The subsystems need to work in harmony for the smooth functioning of the overall system.
- Contingency or Situational Model: This model suggests that there isn’t one “best way” to manage an organization. Instead, the management approach should change based on the situation, environment, technology, and people in the organization.
Each of these models has its advantages and disadvantages, and may be more or less applicable depending on the organization’s size, culture, industry, and specific circumstances. The best approach in most cases is likely to involve elements of all these models.
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