Project stakeholders are individuals, groups, or organizations that have an interest or are affected by the project. They can influence or be influenced by the project’s outcome. Stakeholders are critical to the success of the project, and their expectations and needs should be identified and managed effectively throughout the project lifecycle.
Here are some typical examples of project stakeholders:
- Project Team: This includes project managers, team members, and other individuals who are directly involved in executing the project.
- Customers/Clients: These are the people or organizations who requested the project and will benefit from the end product.
- Senior Management: Senior executives or managers who provide direction and resources for the project.
- Suppliers: Organizations or individuals providing resources, materials, or services required for the project.
- Project Sponsors: The individual or group providing the project’s funding.
- Users: These are the people who will use the end product of the project.
- Government/Regulatory Bodies: In certain industries, government or regulatory bodies might have a stake in the project due to regulations and compliance issues.
- Community/Public: For certain projects, especially those with environmental or social impacts, the wider community or public may be considered stakeholders.
Each stakeholder has different needs, expectations, and levels of influence over a project, so it’s important to identify all stakeholders and analyze their interests and influence at the beginning of a project. This helps to develop an effective stakeholder communication and engagement plan, which is key to successful project management.