How to prepare Test Cases with examples

How to prepare Test Cases

Preparing test cases with examples is an essential part of the software testing process. Test cases help ensure that your software functions as intended and can catch potential bugs or issues. Here’s a general guide on how to prepare test cases with examples:

How to prepare Test Cases with examples

  1. Understand Requirements:

    • Familiarize yourself with the software requirements or specifications. This will help you identify what the expected behavior of the system should be.
  2. Identify Test Scenarios:

    • Break down the requirements into test scenarios, which are specific conditions or situations that need to be tested. Each test scenario should focus on one aspect of the system’s functionality.
  3. Define Test Inputs:

    • Determine the input values or conditions required for each test scenario. Inputs may include user actions, data, configuration settings, or environmental conditions.
  4. Create Test Cases:

    • For each test scenario, create one or more test cases. A test case typically includes:
      • Test Case ID: A unique identifier for the test case.
      • Test Description: A brief description of the test scenario being covered.
      • Preconditions: Any necessary conditions that must be met before the test can be executed.
      • Inputs: The specific values or conditions used as input for the test.
      • Expected Results: The expected outcome or behavior of the system after the test is executed.
      • Steps to Execute: Detailed steps to perform the test.
  5. Include Positive and Negative Testing:

    • Ensure that your testcases cover both positive and negative scenarios. Positive testing verifies that the system behaves as expected under normal conditions, while negative testing checks how the system handles unexpected or erroneous inputs.
  6. Consider Boundary Values:

    • Include TestCases that involve boundary values. These are values at the edge of acceptable input ranges, and testing them can help uncover potential issues.
  7. Prioritize Test Cases:

    • Prioritize test cases based on critical functionalities, frequently used features, or areas where issues are more likely to occur.
  8. Review and Validate:

    • Have your TestCases reviewed by peers or stakeholders to ensure clarity and completeness. Verify that each test case accurately represents the intended behavior.
  9. Document Test Data:

    • If your TestCases involve specific test data, document it clearly. This ensures that anyone executing the tests has the necessary information to reproduce the scenarios.
  10. Update Test Cases as Needed:

    • TestCases may need to be updated as the software evolves. Regularly review and revise your test cases to reflect any changes in requirements or functionality.

Here’s a simple example of a test case:

  • Test Case ID: TC001
  • Test Description: Verify that the login functionality works correctly.
  • Preconditions: User credentials are valid.
  • Inputs: Username: “exampleuser,” Password: “password123”
  • Expected Results: User should be successfully logged in and directed to the home page.
  • Steps to Execute:
    1. Open the application.
    2. Enter the username and password.
    3. Click the “Login” button.
    4. Verify that the home page is displayed.

Remember that the specifics of TestCases will vary depending on the nature of the software and its requirements. Adapt the process to suit your project’s needs.

How do you write TestCases step by step?

How to write test cases: A step-by-step guide
Step 1 – Test Case ID: In this step, the tester will assign a unique identifier to the test case. …
Step 2 – Test Case Description: …
Step 3 – Pre-Conditions: …
Step 4 – Test Steps: …
Step 5 – Test Data: …
Step 6 – Expected Result: …
Step 7 – Post Condition: …
Step 8 – Actual Result:

What is the format of Test Case?

What is the format of test case?

The test case details the steps, data, prerequisites, and postconditions necessary to verify a feature. It will lay out particular variables that QAs need to compare expected and actual results to conclude if the feature works. Test case components mention input, execution, and expected output/response

Is it easy to write test cases?

Well-written test cases can mean the difference between a well-tested application and a poorly tested application. Writing test cases – especially high volumes of them at once – can be a time-consuming task. TestLodge makes it easy to write high-quality test cases and keep them organized

Can we write test cases in Jira?

Jira is a project management tool that was initially designed as an issue and bug tracker. However, currently, it is used for use cases as well as test case management.

What is a test case in QA?

What is a QA test case? Test cases are instructions for testers to follow to ensure programs are functioning properly. They describe how the software should work in normal, abnormal, or error operating conditions.

What is test strategy in QA?

Test strategy is a high-level plan consisting of principles that guide the overall software testing process. It provides a structured approach to the entire QA team, guiding them toward achieving testing objectives in the most efficient way.

What is API testing with example?

API testing is a type of software testing that analyzes an application program interface (API) to verify that it fulfills its expected functionality, security, performance and reliability. The tests are performed either directly on the API or as part of integration testing.

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Author: Pallavi

Business Analyst , Functional Consultant, Provide Training on Business Analysis and SDLC Methodologies.

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