Scrum Roles, Scrum is an Agile framework that organizes work into smaller, manageable chunks called Sprints. Within Scrum, there are three primary roles that collaborate to produce a potentially shippable product increment at the end of each Sprint. These roles are:
- Product Owner (PO)
- Visionary: Sets the vision for the product or project.
- Product Backlog Management: Owns and maintains the Product Backlog, a prioritized list of features, enhancements, and fixes for the product.
- Prioritization: Decides on the priority of items in the Product Backlog to ensure that the team is working on the most valuable features first.
- Stakeholder Representation: Acts as the voice of the customer and represents the interests of stakeholders.
- Acceptance Criteria and Story Definition: Defines the acceptance criteria for each backlog item and ensures they are well-understood by the Development Team.
- Accept or Reject Work: Based on the set criteria, the PO has the authority to accept or reject the work done during a Sprint.
- Development Team
- Cross-functional: Comprises members with all the skills necessary to produce a potentially releasable product increment.
- Self-organizing: Determines how to do the work and who will do what; there are no titles or sub-teams within the Development Team.
- Size: Typically consists of 3 to 9 members. This doesn’t include the Scrum Master or the Product Owner unless they also execute the work of the Sprint.
- Sprint Backlog Management: Breaks down Product Backlog items into tasks during Sprint Planning and manages the Sprint Backlog.
- Development Work: Designs, builds, tests, and possibly releases product increments.
- Meet the Definition of Done: Ensures that all product increments meet the team’s Definition of Done (DoD), ensuring consistency and quality.
- Scrum Master
- Servant Leader: Serves the Product Owner, the Development Team, and the organization to ensure the values and principles of Scrum are understood and enacted.
- Coach: Guides and coaches both the Development Team and the organization in Scrum practices.
- Facilitator: Facilitates Scrum events (Daily Scrum, Sprint Planning, Sprint Review, and Sprint Retrospective).
- Impediment Remover: Actively addresses blocking issues so that the team can remain focused on achieving the Sprint goals.
- Guardian of Scrum Practices: Ensures the team adheres to Scrum theory, practices, and rules.
Together, these roles work closely to ensure regular delivery of valuable products. Each role complements the others, and each has a distinct set of responsibilities. This separation ensures accountability and clarity in roles, creating an environment where each member understands their position and can operate effectively.