The FRD document, or Functional Requirements Document, is a comprehensive document that captures and specifies the functional requirements of a software system or application. It serves as a reference for the development team, stakeholders, and other project participants to understand and agree upon the desired features and functionality of the software.
Though the specific format and content of an FRD may vary depending on the organization and project, typically it includes the following sections:
1. Introduction: Provides an overview of the document, its purpose, and the scope of the software system.
2. Project Description: Describes the background and context of the project, including any relevant industry or business information.
3. User Requirements: Documents the functional requirements from the perspective of the end users. It describes the desired functionality, features, and interactions with the system.
4. System Overview: Provides an overview of the software system, its components, and how they interact with each other.
5. Functional Requirements: Outlines the specific functional requirements of the software system in detail. This section includes use cases, user stories, and any specific workflows or scenarios.
6. Non-functional Requirements: Includes requirements related to performance, security, usability, reliability, and any other system qualities that are not directly tied to functionality.
7. System Design and Architecture: Describes the high-level design and architecture of the software system, including any components, modules, or integration points.
8. Dependencies and Constraints: Identifies any external dependencies or constraints that may impact the development or implementation of the software.
9. Glossary: A reference section that defines any technical terms or acronyms used throughout the document.
The FRD document is typically created during the initial stages of a software development project and serves as a basis for communication, collaboration, and agreement among the project stakeholders. It helps ensure that the software system meets the desired requirements and specifications.